Unhealthy slenderness: what’s the danger of diets
Minus five kilos on scales or chronic health problems? Sexy forms or psychological disorders? Wow-result or “yo-yo effect”?
The dream that you can seriously lose weight within the shortest possible time seems so attractive that it is impossible to resist the temptation. We are ready to eat soup from the third-press cabbage juice five times a day, count with a calorie calculator, declare war on all orange products or drink tea from the morning dew on the eve of a date, sincerely hoping for a miracle.
But let’s be frank: the most expedient way to come to your senses (read – to earn the desired parameters and not to harm your health) is to keep to a balanced diet that is accompanied by physical activity, and develop healthy habits.
HOW IS A HEALTHY AND EFFECTIVE DIET DIFFERENT FROM A DANGEROUS AND "EMPTY" ONE?
Signs of a healthy diet:
Varied, includes several products that you love.
Does not oblige you to buy any specific products.
Considers your eating habits: what you like, what you dislike.
Reduces weight within a long time, gradually, step by step.
Helps build the foundations of a new way of life.
Signs of a dangerous diet:
Not balanced, only one kind of elements is consumed.
Daily calories consumption is less than 1200 calories.
Promises weight loss without changing food habits in the long run.
Promises large weight changes in a short time. For example, 3 kg in three days.
Obliges you to buy specific products.
WHAT DANGERS THE DIETS HIDE?
No. 1. Lack of nutrients
A common consequence of an improper diet is the lack of important nutrients that are necessary for a well-coordinated work of internal organs. The most popular and alarming bells are:
Avoiding fat, carbohydrates and the eliminating certain components lead to eating disorders. The most dangerous stage is irreversible consequences, such as anorexia, which can lead to death.
No. 2. Psychological problems
An uncomfortable diet is always (!) associated with emotional problems. We get nervousness and anxiety because of
A few days later, the tension grows so much that many, if they not break completely, allow themselves some indulgence (“Only one piece is not fearful”), and immediately after – feel guilty for having made an exception.
We feel irritation or despondency. But wait another day, and the endurance will be replaced by… boredom. Time has come for another, seems, long-awaited snack with sprouts of wheat? But this thought does not arouse any appetite.
It’s not surprising that an inappropriate diet can cause not just melancholy, but also a real depression. This is one of the reasons why changes in the diet should occur gradually. People are not capable to sharply switch from the phase “eating everything I see” to a lifestyle that includes a couple of grilled asparagus sprigs.
Develop new habits slowly. For example, to begin with, change the way you cook foods for dinner to a healthier way (steamed, grilled, etc.) and gradually bring out/introduce into it new “useful” ingredients.
No. 3. "The yo-yo effect"
“The yo-yo effect” is a crushing disappointment for the majority of those, who are trying to lose weight fast. First, you go through the hard phase of refusing your favorite dishes. And your kilograms do go away. Yet. as soon as you return to a more or less familiar diet… you not only rapidly gain the lost weight, but also exceed the recent limit.
“Yo-yo” is the result of work of a fairly intelligent and deeply calculating body. Having experienced a global loss of important components once, your body decides that it has to stock up with enough fat just in case you decide to deprive it again of pleasure and important elements.
That’s why the secret of an excellent figure is not any kind of miraculous weight loss, but in a balanced diet.
THE MOST DANGEROUS DIETS
No. 1. Mono-diets
Soup from cabbage, lemon, yogurt or apple cider vinegar. A huge category of “popular” programs for a rapid weight loss is based on the fact that your nutrition will be focused on a single product for a week or two, after which you return to the usual eating regime.
Are these types of diets dangerous? According to the doctors’ observations, it is the mono-components in the diet that most often attract the “yo-yo effect”.
No. 2. Diet 5:2
One of the most fashionable and innovative diets originates from the UK. If you believe its creator, Michael Mosley, adhering to the food system of 5: 2 allows you to lose up to 7 kg per month and up to 30 in three months.
Its main principle is that you eat virtually anything you want five days a week, and during the remaining two days you:
- only eat foods high in protein and fiber (fish, meat, vegetables),
- almost completely avoid simple carbohydrates (pasta, rice, potatoes ),
- limit the daily intake to 500 calories a day for women and 600 for men.
What is dangerous in the British diet? A number of European doctors have severely criticized this approach.
No. 3. Ketone diet
One of the most risky forms of giving up nutrients is a sharp restriction of carbohydrates. These nutrients not only provide energy, but also support the immune system and preserve the eyesight.
In case of their deficiency, your body begins to break down the proteins to produce energy. Respectively, you get an acute shortage of both the proteins and the carbs. The first consequence of carbohydrate starvation is the lowering of the brain activity. Symptoms include:
- bad breath,
- muscle cramps,